Website performance can be optimized by minimizing file sizes, leveraging caching techniques, reducing the number of HTTP requests, and optimizing images and code. Additionally, using a Content Delivery Network (CDN), employing gzip compression, and implementing lazy loading of resources can further enhance website speed and performance.
Website security is crucial in web development to protect user data, prevent unauthorized access, and safeguard against potential attacks. Developers employ various security measures, such as using secure coding practices, implementing SSL certificates for encrypted connections, and regularly updating software and plugins to address security vulnerabilities.
Static websites consist of fixed content and are typically created using HTML and CSS. The content remains the same unless manually updated. In contrast, dynamic websites employ server-side scripting languages and databases to generate content on the fly. Dynamic websites allow for more interactive features, personalization, and real-time data updates.